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广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

专家:盗墓题材风行非正能量

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年06月21日 05:19:39
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U米APP官网下载平台直属招商客服QQ【7915✭171】诚招代理龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯5,10分欢乐生肖,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。专家:盗墓题材风行非正能量

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(  近)(日)(,由)(南)(派)(三)(叔)(授)(权)(改)(编)(的)(电)(视)(剧)(《盗)(墓)(笔)(记)(》开)(播)(,令)(众)(多)(“盗)(迷)(”们)(直)(呼)(过)(瘾)(。与)(此)(同)(时)(,《鬼)(吹)(灯)(》等)(盗)(墓)(小)(说)(再)(次)(风)(靡)(,重)(新)(登)(上)(畅)(销)(书)(榜)(。盗)(墓)(与)(考)(古)(,这)(二)(者)(有)(何)(区)(别)(?盗)(墓)(图)(书)(风)(行)(,对)(考)(古)(有)(何)(影)(响)(?对)(此)(,考)(古)(学)(者)(指)(出)(,盗)(墓)(类)(小)(说)(畅)(销)(不)(是)(正)(能)(量)(,民)(众)(不)(能)(据)(此)(了)(解)(真)(正)(的)(考)(古)(,而)(盗)(墓)(者)(出)(于)(利)(益)(驱)(动)(的)(行)(为)(,对)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(造)(成)(的)(损)(失)(难)(以)(估)(量)(。
  盗)(墓)(对)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(造)(成)(的)(损)(失)(难)(以)(估)(量)(
  《盗)(墓)(笔)(记)(》的)(原)(著)(小)(说)(中)(,主)(人)(公)(遁)(地)(潜)(海)(,在)(一)(座)(座)(古)(墓)(中)(寻)(找)(无)(价)(珍)(宝)(,但)(真)(实)(的)(考)(古)(却)(与)(此)(截)(然)(不)(同)(。现)(实)(世)(界)(中)(,大)(部)(分)(考)(古)(工)(作)(对)(象)(是)(古)(代)(遗)(址)(,哪)(怕)(是)(这)(片)(遗)(址)(中)(的)(一)(砖)(一)(瓦)(,一)(草)(一)(木)(,泥)(土)(沙)(尘)(,废)(石)(木)(屑)(等)(都)(会)(被)(考)(古)(学)(家)(视)(为)(珍)(宝)(。
  但)(有)(许)(多)(老)(百)(姓)(会)(产)(生)(疑)(问)(:同)(样)(都)(是)(获)(取)(墓)(葬)(中)(的)(文)(物)(,盗)(墓)(与)(考)(古)(有)(什)(么)(区)(别)(?对)(此)(,陕)(西)(省)(考)(古)(研)(究)(院)(研)(究)(员)(张)(建)(林)(指)(出)(:“盗)(墓)(是)(为)(了)(获)(取)(财)(宝)(,考)(古)(是)(为)(了)(科)(学)(研)(究)(。二)(者)(动)(机)(不)(同)(,采)(取)(的)(方)(法)(也)(就)(不)(一)(样)(。盗)(墓)(往)(往)(为)(求)(便)(捷)(,为)(得)(到)(文)(物)(不)(择)(手)(段)(,而)(考)(古)(人)(员)(为)(获)(取)(更)(多)(的)(文)(化)(信)(息)(,要)(把)(墓)(葬)(的)(所)(有)(结)(构)(搞)(清)(楚)(,力)(求)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(的)(完)(好)(。”
  盗)(墓)(之)(风)(,古)(已)(有)(之)(。张)(建)(林)(介)(绍)(说)(,以)(唐)(墓)(为)(例)(,因)(珍)(贵)(的)(东)(西)(都)(在)(墓)(室)(,盗)(墓)(者)(为)(了)(快)(速)(得)(到)(文)(物)(,往)(往)(在)(墓)(室)(的)(顶)(上)(或)(是)(引)(道)(的)(顶)(上)(直)(接)(打)(盗)(洞)(,这)(样)(就)(可)(以)(直)(接)(进)(入)(墓)(室)(盗)(取)(文)(物)(。
  据)(了)(解)(,盗)(墓)(者)(通)(常)(在)(两)(个)(晚)(上)(就)(可)(以)(把)(墓)(盗)(完)(,而)(对)(于)(考)(古)(者)(而)(言)(,开)(掘)(整)(个)(墓)(葬)(一)(般)(需)(要)(半)(年)(准)(备)(时)(间)(。期)(间)(,考)(古)(者)(首)(先)(要)(利)(用)(勘)(探)(手)(段)(准)(确)(掌)(握)(墓)(葬)(的)(位)(置)(、范)(围)(、结)(构)(,之)(后)(才)(能)(制)(定)(发)(掘)(方)(案)(,然)(后)(开)(始)(自)(上)(而)(下)(逐)(层)(挖)(掘)(。
  正)(是)(有)(过)(多)(次)(勘)(探)(墓)(葬)(的)(经)(历)(,北)(京)(大)(学)(考)(古)(文)(博)(学)(院)(副)(教)(授)(陈)(建)(立)(感)(慨)(万)(千)(:“近)(些)(年)(中)(国)(盗)(墓)(情)(况)(十)(分)(严)(重)(,盗)(墓)(者)(往)(往)(受)(到)(利)(益)(驱)(动)(,组)(成)(上)(百)(人)(的)(团)(伙)(作)(案)(,这)(对)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(造)(成)(的)(损)(失)(难)(以)(估)(量)(。”
  盗)(墓)(小)(说)(畅)(销)(不)(是)(正)(能)(量)(
  当)(前)(,在)(网)(上)(搜)(寻)(关)(键)(字)(“盗)(墓)(小)(说)(”,会)(出)(现)(许)(多)(诸)(如)(“中)(国)(十)(大)(盗)(墓)(小)(说)(”“盗)(墓)(类)(小)(说)(排)(行)(”等)(词)(条)(。在)(6月)(18日)(的)(“盗)(墓)(类)(小)(说)(人)(气)(排)(行)(”排)(行)(中)(,《盗)(墓)(笔)(记)(》《盗)(墓)(之)(王)(》和)(《青)(囊)(尸)(衣)(》位)(列)(前)(三)(。
  从)(网)(友)(评)(论)(来)(看)(,许)(多)(人)(认)(为)(盗)(墓)(小)(说)(内)(容)(包)(罗)(万)(象)(,天)(文)(、地)(理)(、历)(史)(、考)(古)(、宗)(教)(、神)(话)(、枪)(械)(知)(识)(等)(,“可)(谓)(上)(下)(五)(千)(年)(,纵)(横)(几)(万)(里)(”。但)(在)(专)(业)(人)(士)(张)(建)(林)(看)(来)(,盗)(墓)(类)(小)(说)(确)(实)(能)(在)(一)(定)(程)(度)(上)(满)(足)(一)(般)(读)(者)(的)(猎)(奇)(心)(理)(,但)(它)(并)(不)(是)(一)(种)(正)(能)(量)(,公)(众)(在)(很)(大)(程)(度)(上)(并)(不)(了)(解)(真)(正)(的)(考)(古)(。
  谈)(到)(盗)(墓)(细)(节)(,陈)(建)(立)(直)(言)(,小)(说)(中)(或)(影)(视)(剧)(中)(描)(述)(的)(那)(些)(在)(盗)(墓)(过)(程)(中)(可)(能)(遇)(到)(的)(种)(种)(机)(关)(,其)(实)(他)(们)(在)(考)(古)(挖)(掘)(过)(程)(中)(并)(没)(有)(遇)(到)(过)(。“也)(许)(古)(人)(有)(设)(置)(防)(盗)(机)(关)(的)(想)(法)(,但)(在)(几)(百)(年)(、几)(千)(年)(的)(历)(史)(演)(变)(中)(也)(早)(都)(腐)(朽)(了)(。”但)(陈)(建)(立)(建)(议)(,挖)(掘)(过)(程)(有)(一)(定)(危)(险)(性)(,要)(小)(心)(塌)(方)(,注)(意)(防)(护)(细)(菌)(侵)(害)(等)(。
  当)(前)(,盗)(墓)(行)(当)(发)(展)(到)(今)(天)(已)(日)(趋)(产)(业)(化)(,这)(不)(禁)(让)(众)(多)(专)(业)(考)(古)(者)(忧)(心)(忡)(忡)(。张)(建)(林)(介)(绍)(,上)(世)(纪)(曾)(有)(日)(本)(学)(者)(提)(出)(“九)(十)(九)(人)(考)(古)(”理)(论)(,即)(100个)(人)(里)(要)(有)(99个)(人)(知)(道)(考)(古)(是)(什)(么)(。“公)(众)(考)(古)(值)(得)(推)(广)(,它)(从)(正)(面)(向)(受)(众)(解)(释)(和)(宣)(传)(考)(古)(知)(识)(,介)(绍)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(保)(护)(知)(识)(,从)(而)(提)(高)(公)(众)(的)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(保)(护)(意)(识)(。”
  对)(此)(,陈)(建)(立)(补)(充)(道)(:“开)(展)(公)(众)(考)(古)(活)(动)(,能)(让)(百)(姓)(真)(正)(参)(与)(到)(考)(古)(挖)(掘)(,以)(及)(后)(期)(实)(验)(室)(的)(检)(测)(和)(整)(理)(。体)(验)(考)(古)(活)(动)(整)(个)(科)(学)(研)(究)(的)(过)(程)(,训)(练)(一)(种)(科)(学)(思)(维)(,是)(值)(得)(推)(广)(的)(。”
  民)(间)(收)(藏)(过)(热)(助)(长)(了)(盗)(墓)(行)(为)(
  除)(了)(盗)(墓)(行)(为)(的)(广)(泛)(存)(在)(,近)(年)(来)(伴)(随)(收)(藏)(热)(的)(升)(温)(,鉴)(宝)(类)(电)(视)(节)(目)(也)(日)(趋)(增)(多)(。据)(不)(完)(全)(统)(计)(,当)(前)(鉴)(宝)(类)(栏)(目)(已)(有)(20档)(,而)(在)(最)(高)(峰)(时)(曾)(有)(50多)(档)(。有)(观)(点)(指)(出)(,正)(是)(在)(这)(种)(浮)(躁)(的)(电)(视)(文)(化)(推)(动)(下)(,挖)(“宝)(”寻)(“宝)(”、造)(“宝)(”、贩)(“宝)(”已)(成)(风)(气)(。
  “民)(间)(收)(藏)(过)(热)(助)(长)(了)(盗)(墓)(行)(为)(,但)(民)(间)(收)(藏)(的)(本)(质)(目)(的)(是)(一)(种)(变)(相)(投)(资)(,而)(不)(是)(保)(护)(文)(物)(本)(身)(或)(是)(提)(升)(自)(身)(品)(味)(。”张)(建)(林)(评)(价)(,许)(多)(人)(在)(获)(得)(一)(件)(“文)(物)(藏)(品)(”后)(,往)(往)(会)(去)(找)(考)(古)(人)(员)(做)(鉴)(定)(,核)(心)(问)(题)(无)(非)(两)(个)(,一)(是)(文)(物)(是)(真)(是)(假)(;二)(是)(文)(物)(的)(市)(场)(价)(值)(。
  面)(对)(收)(藏)(者)(问)(题)(,张)(建)(林)(直)(接)(回)(应)(:“我)(真)(的)(回)(答)(不)(了)(,要)(鉴)(宝)(,你)(们)(真)(的)(找)(错)(人)(了)(!第)(一)(,我)(们)(发)(掘)(出)(来)(的)(文)(物)(基)(本)(都)(是)(真)(的)(,假)(的)(我)(也)(并)(没)(有)(见)(过)(。第)(二)(,我)(们)(发)(掘)(文)(物)(为)(的)(是)(获)(取)(文)(化)(信)(息)(,也)(不)(倒)(卖)(,如)(何)(知)(道)(能)(值)(多)(少)(钱)(?”他)(说)(,很)(多)(收)(藏)(者)(怀)(揣)(赌)(徒)(心)(态)(,但)(作)(为)(考)(古)(者)(他)(对)(于)(鉴)(宝)(类)(节)(目)(也)(深)(恶)(痛)(绝)(。
  之)(前)(曾)(有)(评)(论)(文)(章)(写)(道)(:“本)(质)(而)(言)(,鉴)(宝)(当)(属)(于)(质)(量)(检)(验)(的)(工)(作)(,真)(伪)(的)(判)(断)(当)(有)(三)(个)(前)(提)(:一)(是)(科)(学)(严)(谨)(的)(技)(术)(;二)(是)(公)(平)(正)(义)(的)(程)(序)(;三)(是)(可)(靠)(可)(信)(的)(监)(督)(。”
  对)(此)(,陈)(建)(立)(表)(示)(:“盛)(世)(收)(藏)(有)(它)(存)(在)(的)(合)(理)(性)(,可)(以)(提)(高)(老)(百)(姓)(的)(文)(化)(素)(养)(,但)(文)(物)(收)(藏)(是)(一)(个)(学)(习)(传)(统)(文)(化)(的)(过)(程)(,把)(它)(和)(具)(体)(的)(价)(格)(联)(系)(起)(来)(,这)(是)(非)(常)(不)(正)(常)(的)(现)(象)(。”(光)(明)(网)(实)(习)(记)(者)(李)(戈)()
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